The LNG terminal in Stade, Germany
A future-oriented energy concept is to be established in Stade in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region by 2026 – the Hanseatic Energy Hub.
The planned terminal for the import of liquefied natural gas (LNG) will be integrated into the existing industrial park. Other energy sources will also be available here. The terminal will thus play a key role for future energies such as hydrogen and bio-LNG. In this way, the Hanseatic Energy Hub will make an important contribution to the energy and mobility transformation.
The zero-emission-terminal in Stade will set the benchmark for sustainability, safety and efficiency.
The port is strategically located in relation to Hamburg, the Elbe and the Kiel Canal and is accessible to largest LNG tankers with a length of 345 m.
Smaller tankers can carry LNG either to supply inland waterway ports or to supply ships in Hamburg, on the Elbe or in the Kiel Canal directly with LNG for fuel (‘bunkering’). LNG is a fuel for ships that is far more environmentally friendly than conventional heavy fuel oil.
The port can also be used by companies such as Dow for both raw materials and products required for the industrial park.
The plan is to use industrial waste heat from Dow to regasify the LNG. This will prevent CO2 emissions during this process. Boil-off gases that inevitably form in LNG systems can be used as fuel directly at the location. The cold stored in the LNG during the liquefaction of the natural gas will be fed into Dow’s cooling circuits. These synergies with the industrial park enable the development of a zero-emission-terminal. This will also significantly improve the ecological footprint of the location.
The terminal will consist of two large storage tanks each with a capacity of 240,000 m3 and a vaporisation system in which the liquid cryogenic LNG will be regasified. During the first development phase, this will enable around 12 billion cubic metres of natural gas to be handled per year (bcm/a) – corresponding to around 15 per cent of Germany’s annual demand.1
The tank and system concepts ensure maximum safety.
1 Source: AGEB Energieverbrauch in Deutschland im Jahr 2018, p.17. [Working Group on Energy Balances (AGEB) energy consumption in Germany in 2018]
Other energy sources will also be available in the industrial park. Hydrogen is already being produced as a by-product on a large scale here. The industrial park also has one of the largest electrical substations in Germany, which distributes a large volume of electricity from offshore wind farms in the North Sea. This makes Stade the perfect location for future energies – particularly hydrogen and bio-LNG. These can be produced or imported here and further processed.
This way, an energy and logistics hub will be developed in Stade for the energies of the future. The high energy consumption in the industrial park can be covered by energy produced locally. Imported LNG, bio-LNG produced at the site or hydrogen can be distributed via ship, rail or truck. This enables supply to regions that are not connected to the gas pipeline network.
Early development phase
- Set-up of project team
- Location selection, size and design of the LNG import terminal
- Design concept
- Port concept
- Regulatory affairs
- Preparation of approval procedure
- Implementation of approval procedure
- Invitation to tender and conclusion of agreements with general planners, plant manufacturers and other necessary contractual partners
- Financing arrangements
- Sea port expansion and construction of the LNG terminal
Commissioning of LNG terminal