Advantages of LNG

Key figures for LNG

-0 °C

The abbreviation ‘LNG’ stands for ‘liquefied natural gas’. Natural gas that is liquefied at –162 °C only takes up 1/600 of its gaseous volume. This enables it to be transported and stored conveniently.

grafik lng volumen

of current German gas demand can be covered through the LNG import terminal in Stade.

haus grafik

households can be supplied for one year with LNG through one shipment.

Arguments for LNG

Energy mix in Germany
Nuclear power
6,1 %
Brown coal
11,0 %
Black coal
11,0 %
Natural gas
23,7 %
34,6 %
Renewable energies
13,2 %
0,4 %
Source: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (AGEB), August 2018, Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE-Staat) [Working Group on Energy Balances (AGEB), Working Group on Renewable Energies – Statistics (AGEE-Staat)]

The last nuclear power plant exits the German network. The volume of nuclear power used in German electricity production is currently around 6.1 per cent.

Dutch natural gas production ends. Germany currently acquires a quarter of its gas from the Netherlands.

The German government plans to have phased out the use of coal by this year.

This will result in a shortfall in the German energy generation

To make up for this supply shortfall, natural gas will play a key role as an immediately available alternative. Due to the anticipated growth in demand, pipeline-independent LNG can make an important contribution to secure, sustainable natural gas supply. Regasified LNG has great potential in the energy mix of the future.

This shortfall in supply in the German energy mix will be made up through renewable energies in the medium term. However, the necessary storage technology is not yet market-ready. Storage is necessary, though, to make up for the discrepancy between production and consumption.

Until this time, natural gas is an ideal bridge technology as it has a high energy density and produces fewer pollutants and CO2 during combustion than other energy sources.

LNG is used as an energy source for power stations, industry, municipal utilities, local authorities and private households. The focus of the use of LNG is therefore on provision as natural a gas for German consumers. In the immediate vicinity of the Hanseatic Energy Hub is an entry point to the general German gas network.


The flexibility of an LNG import terminal has a positive impact on supply security.

Having more suppliers ensures increased competition and price stability.

In contrast to pipeline gas, an LNG import terminal can freely select its suppliers and the type of gas production.

sulphur oxides


nitrogen oxides

carbon dioxide

Source: © 2018 Deutscher Bundestag WD 8 - 3000 - 032/18, Maßnahmen zur Minderung von Emissionen in der Schifffahrt. Alternative Kraftstoffe und Antriebe

In accordance with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the maritime industry needs to reduce its CO2 emissions by 50 per cent by 2050. LNG can make a vital contribution here as an alternative fuel. The use of LNG reduces sulphur oxides by up to 100 per cent, particulates by up to 95 per cent, nitrogen oxides by up to 85 per cent and carbon dioxide by up to 20 per cent compared to the use of diesel or heavy oil.

The geographical location of the terminal enables bunker vessels to be refuelled in Stade, which then supply the LNG-powered ships in the nearby Port of Hamburg as well as in other ports along the Elbe and the Kiel Canal.

Road transport can be supplied with LNG from here. Special trucks already use LNG as a fuel and can refuel here, including some of the 30,000 truck that visit the industrial site in Stade each year.

As the location is connected to the rail network, the conversion of rail as a mode of transport to the fuel alternative can also be supported. Initial test attempts have already been made with locomotives powered by natural gas.