End of 2022
The last nuclear power plant will be disconnected from the German energy network. The volume of nuclear power used in German electricity production is currently around 6.1 per cent.
Dutch natural gas production will end. A large part of north-western Germany currently acquires gas from the Netherlands. This demand will need to be met through different sources.
German electricity production should have halved its CO2 emissions by this point. Many coal fired power plants will have been shut down in the meantime.
The phase-out of coal and reduction of domestic gas extraction will result in a significant shortfall in supply. To make up for this supply shortfall, natural gas will play a key role as an immediately available cost-effective, climate-friendly alternative.
Many experts therefore expect demand for imported natural gas to grow. Pipeline-independent LNG can make an important contribution to secure, sustainable natural gas supply to Germany and will become a foundation for achieving climate objectives.
"Natural gas is indispensable for a transitional period", that is the conclusion in the coalition agreement of the new federal government. With the HEH we are creating pipeline-independent access to the global gas market for Germany.
Today, 95% of the gas consumed in Germany is imported already. Due to the sharp decline in domestic European production, this share will continue to rise. In its current Gas Market Report, the IEA assumes that the global LNG market will grow significantly in the coming years and that LNG as a flexibility option will further connect the world markets.
Germany’s objective of climate neutrality by 2045 is an ambitious one. It necessitates the expansion of renewable electricity production and the development of a hydrogen sector.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) latest report, there is only a small carbon budget for limiting global warming to an acceptable level remaining. As long as the complete supply of climate-neutral energy remains impossible, the energy system should be oriented towards as many climate-friendly energy carriers as possible.
This is where natural gas, also in the form of LNG, Bio-LNG and SNG, comes into play as a bridge technology, as it produces far fewer pollutants and CO2 during combustion than other energy sources. For example, electricity production in a lignite-fired power plant produces around three times as much CO2 as in a gas power plant.
LNG is used as an energy source for power stations, industry, municipal utilities, local authorities and private households. German industry in particular, which currently still heavily relies on coal, will need more natural gas in future. In the immediate vicinity of the Hanseatic Energy Hub is an entry point to the general German gas transmission grid.
An LNG terminal can freely select its suppliers and import gas from all over the world.
Having more suppliers ensures increased competition and price stability.
The flexibility of an import terminal has a positive impact on supply security.
Source: © 2018 Deutscher Bundestag WD 8 - 3000 - 032/18, Maßnahmen zur Minderung von Emissionen in der Schifffahrt. Alternative Kraftstoffe und Antriebe
In accordance with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the maritime industry needs to reduce its CO2 emissions by 50 percent by 2050. As an alternative fuel, LNG makes an increasingly vital contribution here. Many ships are being retrofitted for the clean energy carrier: the use of LNG reduces sulphur oxides by up to 100 per cent, particulates by up to 95 per cent, nitrogen oxides by up to 85 per cent and carbon dioxide by up to 20 per cent compared to the use of diesel or heavy fuel oil.
The geographical location of the terminal enables bunker vessels to be refuelled in Stade, which then supply the LNG-powered ships in the nearby Port of Hamburg as well as in other ports along the Elbe and the Kiel Canal.
Road transport can be supplied with LNG from here. There are already almost 100 LNG refuelling stations for trucks in existence. Some trucks already use LNG as a fuel, including an increasing number of the 30,000 trucks that visit the industrial site in Stade each year.
As the location is connected to the rail network, the conversion of rail as a mode of transport to the fuel alternative can also be supported. Initial test attempts have already been made with locomotives powered by natural gas.