Questions and answers about the LNG terminal in Stade
Here you will find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Hanseatic Energy Hub GmbH, LNG and our location for the LNG terminal in Stade.
Hanseatic Energy Hub GmbH is a company whose team has extensive experience in project development. It consists of LNG infrastructure, energy and port specialists. External experts are consulted for special matters.
An ‘energy hub’ represents the general idea of an energy location consisting of the three components of a port, LNG terminal and industrial park. Various energy sources can be discharged, stored and handled here.
The abbreviation ‘LNG’ stands for ‘liquefied natural gas’. It is produced through technical procedures, cooled down to –162 °C and thus liquefied. The volume is reduced six-hundredfold through this procedure. It can then be transported and stored by ship.
LNG is a mix of hydrocarbons and consists of 87–99 per cent methane. It also contains ethane, propane, butane and nitrogen.
LNG is not a naturally occurring energy source but rather a natural gas product produced from natural gas by means of technical processes. Qatar is the world’s largest supplier of LNG, accounting for almost a quarter of all LNG imports. Australia is second with 21.7 per cent, followed by Malaysia with 7.7 per cent, the USA with 6.7 per cent and Russia with 6 per cent.
Source: IHS Markit, IGU World LNG Report 2019
LNG is a clear liquid and is not toxic, hazardous to water, corrosive, flammable or explosive.
LNG is cooled down to –162 °C to liquefy it. This reduces the volume six-hundredfold, enabling LNG to be transported by ship. If the natural gas were transported without being liquefied, more energy would be required for more ships and fuel.
The largest LNG tankers are up to 345 m in length and can transport up to 267,000 m3 of LNG, corresponding to a year’s supply for up to 160,000 households.
The supplier can be freely selected, which has a positive impact on competition and supply security for Germany. The gas pipelines also lead to high costs through their construction, operation and ongoing maintenance. There are also charges from transit countries.
Yes. Bio-LNG is methane acquired in a biogas plant and then liquefied. It has the same chemical properties as LNG and can therefore be imported in the same way.
LNG is used as an energy source for power stations, industry, utilities, local authorities and private households. The main focus of the use of LNG is therefore on provision as a natural gas for German consumers. In the mobility sector, LNG can be used as fuel for ships and trucks and, in the future, for rail transport. LNG can thus play a key role in significantly reducing CO2 emissions and other pollutants.
Methane slip refers to the escaping of methane during the production and transportation of LNG. Neither the modern systems used for liquefaction nor the process of regasification cause any methane slip, as they are closed systems. The same applies in the case of the ships used to transport the LNG.
The region will benefit from the construction of the LNG terminal in the medium and long term: 60-80 skilled positions will be created in the area. Furthermore, the local supplier industry in the region will be incorporated effectively in the construction and operation of the terminal. This will add to the assets of the local area. The increased use of the public port will also benefit local companies in Stade. The security of energy supply will also strengthen the future prospects of the industry at the location.
Development of the existing sea port in Stade is a strategic decision which will have a long-term positive impact for the region. The site has been in use as a port and industrial area for around 50 years. The existing industrial site makes it possible to build an onshore terminal without the need to develop any new sites.
Shipping traffic on the Elbe will not be affected in any significant way by the terminal. Less than 200 ship arrivals are expected per year. By comparison, the Port of Hamburg receives over 8,000 large ships per year.
The extended port is ideally located in relation to the Elbe, the Kiel Canal and the Port of Hamburg. In accordance with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the maritime industry needs to reduce its CO2 emissions by 50 per cent by 2050. LNG can make a vital contribution here as an alternative fuel. The use of LNG can reduce sulphur oxides by up to 100 per cent, particulates by up to 95 per cent, nitrogen oxides by up to 85 per cent and carbon dioxide by up to 20 per cent compared to the use of diesel or heavy oil.
No. The tank-and-plant concept used here guarantee maximum safety and utilises state-of-the-art technology. The integrity of the tank system is also guaranteed in the case of damage. The storage tanks are located on a well-secured industrial site.